Do you own a dog as a pet and find yourself clueless about how to take care of his teeth because you are uncertain about their teething process?
You don’t know when their teeth start to appear, which one looks first, what are their functions and much more? Does this sound familiar to where you are standing?
Well, then don’t worry because you have ended up at exactly the right page to give you all sorts of information regarding dog’s teeth, so you are aware of what a dog’s teething journey is going to be like and what to expect from it.
Dogs like humans have deciduous teeth which are replaced by permanent teeth. Well, that’s all about the similarity between the teeth of dog and humans. Let’s take a look at how dogs’ teeth differ from those of humans.
After all, the two creatures have only grown closer over the centuries and who wouldn’t want to know more about their friend?
How Many Teeth Do Dogs Have?
Let’s start by taking a look at the teeth of puppies:
Puppies have a fascinating teeth journey. They have a set of 28 milk teeth which begin to appear one by one as soon as they have lived two weeks in this world. They obtain their full set of teeth by 8 to 10 weeks.
Firstly, an incisor is seen to appear in the puppies’ mouth followed by canines and premolars. Puppies don’t have molars in the beginning period because they don’t consume solid food till that time.
A teething period is very annoying for puppies as they have to go through severely irritating gums. This makes them uncomfortable and wants to chew at every possible solid thing to feel relieved from irritation.
Hence a puppy has:
- 12 incisors at front in the upper and lower jaw.
- 4 canines sidelined with incisors.
- 12 premolars equally distributed in sets of 3 in each of the four corners.
Dog Teeth – From a Puppy to an Adult Dog:
Well, everyone grows up and goes through changes and so do puppies. Puppies’ milk teeth start to get replaced by permanent ones when they are four months old. Molars also begin to pop up when puppies have lived for 6 to 7 months.
Therefore, the number of teeth in a puppies’ mouth increases from 28 to 42. Until the full set of teeth have not appeared in the dog’s mouth, his age could be determined just by counting the number of teeth present in his mouth.
Hence every dog has:
- 6 incisors on both the bottom and upper jaw making them a total of 12.
- 4 pointed canines located along incisors with 2 in the upper jaw and 2 in the lower jaw.
- 8 premolars on top and eight premolars on the bottom jaw making them a total of 16.
- 10 molars in total with four on top and six on the bottom jaw.
Types of Dog Teeth and Their Structure:
Interestingly enough, just like humans dogs also, have four types of teeth. They are incisors, canines, premolars, and molars.
In this section will take you through each type of teeth and how it looks like:
Incisors being the first to appear in a dogs’ mouth are present in front of both upper and lower jaw, and they are generally small in size. They are also sharp to perform their function effectively.
Canines are sharp, pointed teeth present in a dog’s mouth. Some people also call them ‘fangs’ so next time someone uses this word, you know what they are talking about.
Premolars are found behind canines and are broad in shape compared to canines and incisors. They have sharp edges.
They are found at the back of the dog’s mouth. They are the broadest of all teeth with the most number of roots. They have a flat surface.
“Dog Teeth Chart”
Functions of Teeth – The Basics:
Every tooth is designed in a specific shape and manner to make it more suitable for its job. Therefore, they also appear at a particular stage in a dog’s mouth when they are required according to his diet.
It is not enough to know about the type of teeth which exist in a dogs’ mouth but more importantly about what job they perform. This will help you decide about the meals you should give to your dog according to their teething stage and process, so it is easy for them to consume.
They are not only used for eating purposes but also for pulling, scratching and picking up things using his mouth. Dogs use incisors to separate meat from bone to consume it.
Since canines are pointed, they are helpful in ripping apart flesh because canines could fix themselves in the meat. Canines are also used when a dog wants to puncture or break through the skin to reach the flesh.
Dogs also use their canines to catch their prey and hold it in their mouth until it dies. Lower canines also help the dog to keep its tongue in place.
Since premolars are located at the back of the mouth, they are used for breaking off food into small pieces and chewing them.
They are found at the back of the mouth because this is where grinding of food takes place once it has been chewed by premolars.
Let’s conclude by looking at some tips to keep your dogs’ teeth healthy:
- Brush your dog’s teeth as soon as they appear.
- It is easy for dogs to build up plaque and tartar. Use gels specifically made for dog’s teeth in order to remove them.
- Use baking soda while brushing teeth.
- Don’t give them food which too hard to chew.
I hope this article will help you understand how to deal with your dog’s teething. It might not be easy, but you got this! However, don’t forget to share if there’s anything informative regarding dog teething. We’d love to listen from your side.
Happy dog teething!
“Dog Teeth Timeline”
If you like it, share it!